2. IN WAKE OF ARGENTINE PROSECUTOR’S DEATH, A TANGLED WEB OF QUESTIONS (The Christian Science Monitor)7. YOU CAN NOW READ HOW WORLD LEADERS REACTED TO LINCOLN’S ASSASSINATION; THE STATE DEPARTMENT HISTORIAN IS DIGITIZING ALL THE AGENCY’S HISTORY VOLUMES (Washington Post.com)8. EVERYTHING’S EASIER WITH MATE (AN EXPAT’S TRIBUTE TO ARGENTINA’S NATIONAL BEVERAGE) (The Wall Street Journal Blog)
By Peter PrengamanApril 16, 2015BUENOS AIRES, Argentina — The man who could be Argentina’s next president wants to put an end to tight government currency controls, make peace with the nation’s creditors and improve severely frayed ties to the United States. In short, Mauricio Macri is promising to undo much of what President Cristina Fernandez and her late husband Nestor Kirchner created over the past 13 years.It’s a platform that appears to be gaining traction.The right-leaning Buenos Aires mayor leads many polls ahead of the October elections. His popularity is buoyed by economic frustration and widespread anger over the mysterious death of federal prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who accused Fernandez of protecting those responsible for Argentina’s most serious terror attack.Macri believes pro-market reforms will restore confidence in Argentina, both at home and abroad. Those themes are resonating: A handful of polls conducted in March gave him single-digit leads, a big change from six months ago when he consistently came in third.Macri says if he is elected, he would move quickly to lift restrictions on Argentines’ ability to trade pesos for U.S. dollars.But critics warn against doing too much, too fast. Lifting currency controls overnight could unleash a financial “bloodbath,” according to former Central Bank President Aldo Pignanelli.Economists say ending currency controls would require at least two other major changes: shoring up foreign reserves by taking on more debt, and devaluing the peso to bring it to true market value. Macri has not waded into the policy details of a devaluation, but has repeatedly said Argentina must negotiate with a group of holdout creditors, which would allow the country to access international debt.Such proposals are frightening for many in a nation still spooked by a $100 billion default in 2001 that came amid an economic collapse. Overnight, many Argentines saw their savings evaporate and the country turned into a financial pariah.Daniel Scioli, a ruling party front-runner who has tied or had a slight lead over Macri in some polls, has cautioned that change must come gradually.While the strong hand of Fernandez’s Justicialista Party helped stabilize the economy after it took power in 2003, Argentina’s recovery has stalled, struggling with inflation that private economists put at over 30 percent, capital flight and increasingly frosty relations with many trading partners, including the U.S.Fernandez’s government “isn’t giving people solutions,” Macri said during a campaign rally in the central city of Rosario this week. “There is an important need for change.”Macri, currently on a campaign blitz across the countryside, declined several requests for an interview.The son of an Italian-born industrial magnate, the 56-year-old Macri has said his political career was inspired by his 1991 kidnapping at the hands of federal police officers, who reportedly received several million dollars in ransom from Macri’s father.Seized by several men while returning home one night, Macri was held in a basement two weeks, not allowed to see daylight or even the faces of his captors. The ordeal, Macri has said, helped him see how poverty and violence lead people to do extreme things, situations he had never experienced growing up in a rich family.In the 1990s, Macri made a name for himself as president of the Boca Juniors soccer team as it won numerous international titles, making him popular throughout the country of 41 million people.In 2007, Macri was elected mayor of Buenos Aires and quickly showed his willingness to break political convention. Upon taking office, he fired 2,400 city employees he claimed were “gnocchis” “ÑOQUIS” — a term coming from the Italian dumplings which Argentines use to describe bureaucratic freeloaders. He also rubbed against the federal government by forming the capital’s first city police unit, countering the federal police force. He’s credited with improving transportation in Argentina’s biggest city.With a business-casual style and a full head of salt-and-pepper hair, Macri often appeared in the society sections of Buenos Aires media, which closely followed the romantic life of the rising politician, now married for a third time.Macri’s support comes mainly from Buenos Aires, particularly among the business elite and the middle and upper classes. He will have to work hard to win over the provinces, where poorer people benefit most from government programs and the ruling party has strong organizational muscle.Gas subsidies keep energy costs low, hefty annual pay raises are common for public workers and Argentines enjoy some of the most generous vacation allotments in the Western Hemisphere.However, high inflation erodes many perks and ordinary Argentines are increasingly fed up with limited job opportunities and frequent market fluctuations that complicate basic transactions like buying and selling property.“The economic situation is a disaster,” said 29-year-old Juan Carlos Fedyna, who runs a small bookstore dedicated to Pope Francis, an Argentine native.Fedyna said the store stopped exporting its books and trinkets two years ago because the government-set exchange rate ensured the business would always take a loss.Such controls are the basis of rampant black-market trading. Tourists and Argentines returning from abroad trade dollars or euros in spots like Calle Florida, an upscale promenade where men standing between designer clothes stores and high-end bakeries call out “Cambio! Money change!”While the official rate hovers around 8 pesos to the dollar, the black-market rate hit 15 pesos at times the last year.Fernandez, who is barred from seeking a third term, has blamed much of the economic troubles on the United States, demonizing in particular a group of U.S. bondholders who refused to renegotiate terms on Argentina’s debt.The 2001 default shut Argentina out of international credit markets and its foreign reserves have sunk to $31.5 billion, low for one of the largest economies in Latin America.The most likely way to shore up reserves would be to reach a deal with the U.S. creditors, a group Fernandez has blasted as “vultures.” That would end a legal battle over the debt and allow the country to access credit overseas.Macri hasn’t spoken publicly about the dispute in recent months, but he has suggested Argentina must reach an agreement to restore trust in the economy — a step he would like to be the one to take.Debora Rey contributed to this report.2. IN WAKE OF ARGENTINE PROSECUTOR’S DEATH, A TANGLED WEB OF QUESTIONS (The Christian Science Monitor)By Shane Romig16 April 2015A series of revelations have jolted supporters of the dead prosecutor who accused Argentine President Cristina Kirchner of conspiring to cover up the deadly 1994 bombing of a Jewish center here.Prosecutor Alberto Nisman was found dead at home with a single bullet in his temple on Jan. 18. That same day he was due to testify in Congress about his investigation into President Kirchner’s dealings with Iran, which had been accused of plotting the 1994 attack on the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association, or AMIA. His death – initially called a suicide – stoked conspiracy theories and has dented Argentines’ already low confidence in their institutions and leaders.Now an apparent smear campaign against Nisman has cast a shadow over his character and his allegiances. Adding to the swirl of claims and counterclaims, his former wife said Wednesday that she had found Nisman’s own gun in a storage area and that this supported the theory that it wasn’t a suicide.Nisman’s unsolved death has cast a pall over presidential elections slated for the end of October, in which Kirchner won’t be running because of term limits. But voters so far seem focused on which candidate can revive a weak domestic economy; few believe that the case that Nisman was pursuing will ever come to light.“There’s no chance at all” that justice will be served, says Julieta Romero, a retiree, as she waited for a taxi. “They are all corrupt – the government, the prosecutors, the lawyers, the judges.”The biggest victim of the stalled investigation, and Nisman’s mysterious death, may be Argentines’ faith in their leaders. At the end of February, over 70 percent of residents polled by political consultants Management & Fit said they have no expectation the case will ever be solved.“It’s very likely that this will never be solved, and this of course leads huge skepticism in the justice system, institutions, in democracy,” said Carlos De Angelis, a sociology professor at the University of Buenos Aires.Dueling judicial probes of unsolved deathAfter Nisman was found dead on the bathroom floor of his luxury apartment in downtown Buenos Aires, officials initially indicated that it was likely a suicide. Amid public outrage and accusations that the government was somehow involved, officials backtracked; days later, the president said via Facebook that she was convinced that Nisman had not killed himself.From that point things only got murkier. While an official investigation led by a judge has yet to release its findings, Nisman’s ex-wife Sandra Arroyo Salgado, also a federal judge, said her own forensic study found that the prosecutor had been murdered, based on the angle of the bullet entry and other evidence.Then came a series of revelations casting doubt on Nisman’s character. Last month, pictures were leaked showing the prosecutor cavorting with beautiful young women on the beach and at luxurious parties. Then Nisman’s former computer assistant Diego Lagomarsino told the investigating judge that he shared an offshore joint account with Nisman and had given the prosecutor half of his 40,000 peso ($4,500) salary each month. Given Argentina’s reputation for corruption, this fueled suspicion that Nisman was skimming his investigation’s large budget. Mr. Lagomarsino, who isn’t a suspect in the case, has said he gave Nisman the 22-caliber gun used in his death.Meanwhile, the explosive charges leveled by Nisman against Kirchner’s government – that she cut a trade deal with Iran in return for burying evidence of its embassy’s role in the 1994 terror attack – have largely fizzled out. Two courts have dismissed the case for lack of merit; an appeal is pending before a federal court.The judges who dismissed the charges found there were no grounds to implicate the president and that the evidence – based largely on wire-tapped phone conversations of Argentine political operatives linked to Kirchner and Iranian representatives.Spymaster loses his jobQuestions also remain over the source of those recordings. Just a month before Nisman’s death, the president dismissed Antonio Stiusso, the head of Argentina’s powerful spy agency. Government officials have said that Mr. Stiusso manipulated Nisman into filing the charges. Stiusso’s replacement, Oscar Parrilli, has since filed charges against the former spy chief for hiding information related to the AMIA investigation, as well as smuggling and tax evasion.The murky scandal adds to the frustration of those seeking accountability for the 1994 AMIA bombing that killed 85 and injured hundreds more. Two years earlier, the Israeli embassy here was also bombed; neither incident has been fully explained.Kirchner’s husband, former President Nestor Kirchner, tasked Nisman in 2004 with leading the investigation. Nisman accused Iran of backing Hezbollah in carrying out the AMIA attack and convinced INTERPOL to issue a red notice seeking extradition against a half dozen former and current Iranian officials for their alleged participation. Iran has repeatedly denied any involvement. Nisman’s investigation later moved onto the president and members of her inner circle who were allegedly parties to a cover-up.Still some here remain optimistic. “At some point the truth has to come out,” said Federico Altgnug, an administrative assistant as he sat eating his lunch in a downtown park. “Not just what happened with Nisman, but what was behind his suicide or killing.”Alberto Nisman, who died in January in an apparent murder, was investigating a high-level political conspiracy involving Iran and a 1994 terror attack on a Jewish center. Critics have assailed the prosecutor’s case and questioned his probity.By Karolin SchapsApril 17, 2015(Reuters) – Argentina has started legal proceedings against five companies, including three British ones, which are drilling for oil and gas in the disputed Falkland Islands, raising tensions in a diplomatic row over the islands’ sovereignty.Argentina’s minister for the Falklands, known as Las Malvinas in Argentina, announced the start of the lawsuit in London on Friday, saying a judge in Rio Grande, Argentina, had agreed to take on the case.The main companies involved in oil drilling in the Falklands are Premier Oil, Noble Energy, Falkland Oil and Gas, Rockhopper and Edison International .Daniel Filmus told a press conference at the residence of the Argentine ambassador to London that his country was determined to use international and national law to pursue the case. He said the proceedings had been brought against three UK-listed firms and two firms listed in the United States.He said anyone found guilty of illegal exploration in Argentina would face a sentence of 5 to 10 years in prison, while sentences for illegal extraction would be even longer. The judge will now decide how to proceed.Earlier this month, Falklands oil explorers Premier Oil and Falkland Oil and Gas kickstarted their 2015 drilling campaign by announcing they had found oil and gas at the first well in a nine-month programme.In response, Argentina said it would start legal proceedings against the energy firms, leading to the two countries summoning each other’s ambassadors for a dressing down.The Falkland Islands Government said it had a right to develop its own economy.“Exploration drilling has been happening in Falkland Islands waters for many years,” it said. “The Government of Argentina continues to ignore our inalienable right to determine our own future.”It is the latest diplomatic spat between Britain and Argentina, who fought a short war over the Falklands in 1982 which Britain won. The war killed more than 600 Argentine and 255 British soldiers.By Hugh Bronstein and Eliana Raszewski16 April 2015EZEIZA, Argentina, April 16 (Reuters) – The cost of drilling in Argentina’s vast but barely tapped Vaca Muerta shale formation will fall at least 10 percent by the end of 2016, state energy company YPF said on Thursday, part of an efficiency effort aimed at attracting much-needed investment.The cost drop is expected to start in August when Argentina starts using its own sand in fracking, the process by which shale oil is extracted, rather than more expensive imported sand, YPF’s Chief Executive Officer Miguel Galuccio said.This may help Latin America’s No. 3 economy attract the investment it needs to erase an energy deficit that costs billions of dollars per year in already low cash reserves.YPF has already cut the cost of drilling a vertical well in Vaca Muerta to $6.9 million from a previous $11 million, Galuccio told reporters gathered on the outskirts of Buenos Aires for a demonstration of how YPF is refining fracking sand.By the end of 2016, Galuccio said Argentina will produce all sand it needs for shale drilling.“We are continually looking for ways to reduce well drilling costs. The sand is one form, which in itself will allow us to save 10 percent,” Galuccio told Reuters.“And there are other things we are doing which lead us to think we are going to save not only 10 percent. Our target will be much more than 10 percent.”That would come to a relief to international investors who have so far shied away from Vaca Muerta due to high costs as well as heavy trade and currency controls.Galuccio said it currently costs $13 million to $14 million to drill horizontal wells in Vaca Muerta, located in Patagonia.YPF is building a plant near Vaca Muerta that is set to start refining raw yellowish sand mined from the southern province of Chubut into the fine gray sand used in fracking.YPF says it has about 300 wells producing up to 45,000 barrels per day of oil and gas equivalent, a fraction of Vaca Muerta’s potential.President Cristina Fernandez’s interventionist policies have scared the most risk-hungry companies out of making anything but foothold investments in what is viewed as one of the biggest shale reserves in the Western Hemisphere.She is barred from running for a third term in the October general election. The three leading candidates to succeed her say they are more in favor of free markets.By Camila RussoApril 16, 2015Argentine local peso futures controlled by the central bank can serve as a hedge against an expected devaluation, according to Goldman Sachs Group Inc.Policy makers are intervening in the local peso futures market as offshore contracts show traders expect a faster depreciation after President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner’s successor starts unwinding currency controls. Argentina has limited the peso’s decline through a foreign-exchange swap with China, restrictions on imports and limits on dividends, Mauro Roca, an economist at Goldman Sachs, said in a report e-mailed Wednesday.The local futures “provide an attractive hedging opportunity against sharp exchange-rate corrections during the challenging transition,” Roca wrote.Non-deliverable peso forwards due in 12 months show the peso will weaken 30 percent to 12.7 per dollar from 8.87 per U.S. dollar, while local contracts indicate it will slide 22 percent. The peso’s 10 percent decline over the past 12 months is the smallest in six major Latin American countries after the Chilean peso even as inflation accelerated to above 30 percent.Roca estimated the central bank owes exporters $5 billion and that companies have about $10 billion to $13 billion in trapped dividends, about equal the central bank’s net reserves.The fair value of the peso is 11.6 per dollar, or 24 percent weaker than the current exchange rate, Roca wrote in the report.Argentina’s central bank said in an April 6 statement that it’s intervening in the futures market “in the context of a series of measures implemented in the last six months that have the aim of reducing devaluation expectations and securing financial stability.”The central bank said it posted a record profit of 1.2 billion Argentine pesos from the futures market in March and that it gained 4.97 billion pesos in the past six months.By Charles Newbery16 April 2015Buenos Aires (Platts)–16Apr2015/954 am EDT/1354 GMT A program for developing the oil services industry has boosted Argentina’s domestic supply of goods and services to replace $160 million in the equivalent in imports, Industry Minister Debora Giorgi said.“Our challenge is to help companies achieve quality in the production of goods and services,” she said in a statement late Wednesday.The government launched the program in 2012 in partnership with YPF, the country’s biggest oil company that came under state control that year.The $160 million import substitution has come since the start of the program, with more than 240 companies benefitting, Giorgi said.Argentina is seeking to build up its services industry to supply companies drilling for shale resources, a key for turning around a decade-long slide in oil and natural gas production that has led to a surge in energy imports.The country has among the world’s largest shale resources, and production is now at around 41,000 b/d of oil equivalent.To further expand the services industry, the government is providing fiscal and other incentives for companies to manufacture workover and pulling rigs, wellhead compression systems, progressing cavity pump systems, electromagnetic flow meters, valves and other products.“We are committed to the development of local manufacturers,” YPF vice president Sergio Affronti said in the statement.YPF is working in partnership with Chevron, Dow Chemical, Argentina’s Petrolera Pampa and Malaysia’s state-owned Petronas on developing tight and shale hydrocarbons, while ExxonMobil, Shell and other companies are drilling on their own or with others.7. YOU CAN NOW READ HOW WORLD LEADERS REACTED TO LINCOLN’S ASSASSINATION; THE STATE DEPARTMENT HISTORIAN IS DIGITIZING ALL THE AGENCY’S HISTORY VOLUMES (Washington Post.com)By Al Kamen16 April 2015Since 1861, the State Department Historian’s office has published the Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series to give readers what it calls “a comprehensive record of the major foreign policy decisions of the United States.”The very weighty — in every sense of the word — volumes, which come out about three decades after the actual events, can run up to 1,400 pages. As such, they are the stuff mostly of policy wonks and history buffs.But no more! The folks at Foggy Bottom, in partnership with the University of Wisconsin, have been what’s called “retrodigitizing” the books. About half of the total 500 FRUS volumes are now available on line. And the rest are expected to be completed in three years.And they are completely searchable, State’s Historian Stephen P. Randolph tells us. They’re being worked on mostly in reverse chronological order, he said, but some “priority items,” such as the outbreak of World War I, or the beginnings of the Cold War can “jump the queue.”They’ll soon be releasing more on-line volumes from the Nixon era and the first of 46 Reagan-era volumes is also coming out. That one, Randolph said, will deal with the war between Argentina and Great Britain over what the Brits call the Falkland Islands, Argentina calls Las Malvinas and the State Department quite diplomatically calls the “South Atlantic Crisis.”This week, in recognition of the 150th anniversary of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on April 14, the State Department released a digitized “Appendix to Diplomatic Correspondence of 1865,” featuring about a thousand condolence letters from foreign leaders, organizations, and plain folks around the world, including places like Britain, France, Italy and even China.8. EVERYTHING’S EASIER WITH MATE (AN EXPAT’S TRIBUTE TO ARGENTINA’S NATIONAL BEVERAGE) (The Wall Street Journal Blog)By Karina Martinez-CarterApril 16, 2015BUENOS AIRES– When Kansas native Laura Ginsberg moved to Buenos Aires and began working in educational technology development, she discovered something unique about the Argentine office environment: Argentina’s preferred source of caffeine, mate.Mate (pronounced mah-tay) is a loose-leaf infusion that’s not technically tea, but is often described as being similar. It is a cornerstone of culture, a way of life and a daily routine in Argentina, the country that produces more yerba mate, which is the name for the beverage’s leaves, than any other place in the world. In 2013, mate was declared a national beverage and the vessels used to consume it, which are also called “mates” and traditionally fashioned from calabash gourds, are ubiquitous in parks, homes and offices across the country. People of every social class and age group consume it. Even Pope Francis has been photographed clutching his mate.But mate is given more care and attention than the average beverage. There’s an art to the way it’s prepared and consumed. To begin, the water is heated to just the right temperature, ideally 80 degrees Celsius, or 176 degrees Fahrenheit. (It should never hit the boiling point.) The dry yerba is poured into the gourd and shaken carefully so the loose powder from the leaves floats out. A trickle of warm water is poured on one half of the mate filled with yerba. And the silver bombilla, or straw, is inserted at an angle into the side of the mate that is damp.The concoction is not downed quickly or mindlessly. One gourd filled with yerba yields multiple mates, and one person, the cebador, or mate pourer, is responsible for refilling the gourd from a thermos of hot water after each person sips it—yes, from the same bombilla—and then passes it to others in the mate circle, or ronda. One yerba-filled gourd is usually sipped for an hour. Argentines who take pride in their mates—and most do—have their own slight variation or signature method for preparation. Some prefer to add sugar to the yerba or sweetener to the hot water while others are fervent purists.“It’s the only drinking ritual that’s shared, the only thing like it,” says Valeria Trápaga, who in 2002 became Argentina’s first mate sommelier. Ms. Trápaga completed traditional sommelier schooling at Escuela Argentine de Sommeliers and, because of her love for mate, decided to apply those same learnings and principles to mate. She works at Establecimiento Las Marías, producer of popular mate brands like La Merced and Taragüí. “In front of the mate, all hierarchy disappears. It opens the dialogue in a perfect way for everyone, and as it’s passed, the conversation flows. It’s the only thing there is that has this magic and that creates this connection and equality,” she says.Drinking mate is at its core a very relaxed and laid-back activity; the most natural social invitation in Argentina is to drink mates. Mate is often described as a common ground or a common denominator that creates bonds and breaks the ice. It’s both a great equalizer and a great social enabler, and the prevailing Argentine philosophy is that everything is easier over mates. Many people, including Ms. Trápaga, refer to mate as a “great companion” and drink it alone. If others are around, though, they always offer to share.In a work setting especially, this creates a particular dynamic which Ms. Ginsberg quickly came to appreciate. She saw how it inspired unlikely people to interact and how it diffused stressful situations and conversations. Overall, mates just made work life more pleasant.“There were people of all sorts of levels of management at the company standing around together,” she says. “And at that moment the titles go away and it’s just a group of people sitting around enjoying each other’s company.”For a newcomer, it presents the perfect opportunity to bond with people. For a foreigner, it’s also a way to make a visible effort to connect with and understand locals and their culture. Ms. Ginsberg noticed her Argentine friends and colleagues were excited to hear she liked mate or wanted to join the mate circle. “It was a great way to integrate myself deeper into the ecosystem of the company and the social fabric,” she says. “It’s such a core part of what people do at work.”Many Argentines see their beloved mate as a tangible way to extend a welcome to outsiders, as well. Juan Manuel Prat, who describes himself as “not that big of a mate drinker” (because he only drinks it once a day, compared to the Argentine standard of two mates per day), works at a management consulting firm in Buenos Aires. In his office, mate is usually prepared and passed around once in the morning and once in the afternoon—across office islands and teams. He and his co-workers always offer mate to co-workers visiting from other countries.“Drinking mate is something we do at the office here, so we like to include them in it,” he says. “It’s also a way for us to share something from our culture with them.”Sharing, hospitality, getting together all are values resembled in mate…all the people who adopt mate drinking feel identified with these values.To understand mate culture is to understand Argentina, as the ideals, priorities and rhythm mirror one another. “Sharing, hospitality, getting together all are values resembled in mate, ” Ms. Trápaga says. “All of that is very important, typical and common in this country. And all the people who adopt mate drinking feel identified with these values.”Ms. Trápaga describes mate as being in an Argentine’s DNA. It’s so central to an Argentine’s identity that a satirical study deciphering personality types based upon how an individual drinks their mate went viral. (Psychology is another obsession in Argentina, which has more psychologists per capita than any other country.) Breakdowns included whether an individual prefers the drink to be bitter or sweet (people fall into two camps), the manner in which the individual takes and returns the gourd, and how they actually sip it. For example, someone who tries to drink every last drop of the mate (an action that inevitably produces a suction sound) has a “complex personality,” often follows instinctual impulses and likes to mark territory, the satirical study claims.And where Argentines go, they take mate, even if it’s across hemispheres. When they move they take it with them—a literal taste of home—and whether intentional or not, it leads to cultural exchanges.My boyfriend, Ramiro Novoa, for example, has had mate since he was a child, as most Argentines do, but he started drinking it more regularly when he moved from Buenos Aires to the U.S. for college. Working now in his Houston office, he usually prepares it once a day. The whole setup caught the attention of his boss, who wanted to learn more about it because his son is a tea lover. His boss ended up purchasing a mate, bombilla and yerba with the intention of giving it to his son, but ended up keeping it for himself because he liked the mate so much.International interest in mate is building, too, Ms. Trápaga says, drawing attention partially because of its health benefits. Mate is loaded with antioxidants and vitamins and is believed to be a diet suppressant (which might explain why Argentines are able to stay so thin despite their impressive consumption of red meat and pasta). It is also packed with caffeine, but because it’s an infusion that’s sipped slowly rather than guzzled, its effect is more of a steady hum rather than the jolt and crash of a cup of coffee.The taste, though, is an acquired one. Earthy, herbal, astringent, rustic, wild, and bitter are all words Ms. Trápaga has heard to describe it. But once people grows accustomed, they’re quick to pick up on the tempting, aromatic and seductive qualities of mate, she says.Asking Argentines why they love mate is similar to asking them why they love their favorite soccer team. They might not be able to explain it, but they’re more than happy to share it.Karina Martinez-Carter is an American-born freelance journalist who has been based in Buenos Aires since 2010. She has written for publications including BBC Travel, BBC Capital, Atlantic Media and Travel + Leisure. She also is an editor at the travel blog Map Happy.